Master of Arts (MA)
Faculty of Science
Dr. Terry Mitchell
Dr. Manuel Riemer
Dr. Erich Fox Tree
Compliance of human rights norms requires the application of pressure from a multitude of directions and levels. It takes individual advocacy, micro-system/organizational/community-level pressure, and macro-level pressure from other nation-states and international organizations and governance bodies. This MA study focuses on the mechanisms employed by the United Nations to monitor the compliance of signatory nation-states to the standards established in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), with particular focus on Canada. A crucial goal of this study is to translate the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNSRRIP), James Anaya’s, findings on the situation of Indigenous Peoples in Canada into a quantified score of compliance to the Articles of the UNDRIP in three areas, (1) self-government and self-governance, (2) consultation and free, prior and informed consent (FPIC), and (4) land and natural resources, in order to establish a baseline score for subsequent evaluations to be compared for the purpose of monitoring compliance to the Declaration over time. The study finds that UNSRRIP’s country reports have significant gaps for reporting on the compliance of member nation-states to the rights set out in the declaration and advocates the regular use of the UNDRIP compliance evaluation tool to not only encourage more complete and regular UNSRRIP reports, but also to support better compliance with UNDRIP overall.
Smith, Jackson A., "Holding Canada Accountable: An Evaluation of Canada's Compliance to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples" (2016). Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive). 1875.
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