Categories of gender, sex and sexuality have been introduced through colonial processes and institutions. The term Two-Spirit encompasses a broad range of sexual and gender identities of Indigenous peoples across North America and complicates distinctions between gender, sex and sexualities7 . While the term is used by some people to refer to the cultural roles of individuals embodying both female and male spirits, the term has also been used as an umbrella term to describe Indigenous people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transsexual, queer, intersex and part of the continuum of non-heterosexual identities. It is important to distinguish between gender, sex and sexuality because of the way lesbian, gay and bisexual people are linked with transgender, transsexual people in the 2SLGBTQQIA+ acronym, and in broader queer and Indigenous communities.
Lezard, P., Prefontaine, N., Cederwall, D-M., Sparrow, C., Maracle, S., Beck. A., & McLeod. A (April 2021). 2SLGBTTQIA+ Sub-Working Group. MMIWG2SLGBTTQIA+ National Action: Final Report. OFIFC: Toronto