International Migration Research Centre

Document Type

Research Publications

Publication Date



Balsillie School of International Affairs


  • The social protection floor (SPF) is a global initiative led by the International Labour Organization (ILO) to provide social security to vulnerable groups.
  • The SPF neglects the rapidly growing population of international migrants and focusses principally on citizens from lower-income countries.
  • The SPF requires a method to evaluate the social protection gap that exists between citizens and non-citizens in countries that receive migrants in order to improve protections for all.
  • The SPF Advisory Group must collaborate more closely with transit and receiving countries, middle- and high-income countries, and regional organizations to reduce the gaps in social protection between citizens and non-citizens.


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