Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science


Faculty of Arts

First Advisor

Not Applicable

Advisor Role

Not Applicable


NGOs have been consistently excluded from multilateral proceedings in the security and disarmament sector where states are concerned about their national security interests. And yet, they have found avenues to participate in the multilateral process through the negotiation of treaties, provision of expert research and testimony, systematic monitoring of state compliance, documentation of UN proceedings, and even as members of government delegations. This paper explores the conditions that enable NGOs to engage directly in the state-centric system of the United Nations, addressing political opportunity, enabling resources, and institutional support. I explore how NGOs contribute to international politics, using a constructivist approach, to consider the important role NGOs play in the security and disarmament sector.

Convocation Year