Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Geography & Environmental Studies


Lyle S. Hallman Faculty of Social Work

First Advisor

Robert Sharpe

Advisor Role

Thesis Supervisor


This research uses enumeration area data from the 1991 census and a methodology consisting of principal components analysis (PCA), cluster and discriminant analysis to define 'aged spaces', highly localized concentrations of the elderly, in Kitchener-Waterloo, Halifax and Victoria.. The results show that: (1) it is possible to define aged spaces on the basis of the old-age family status dimensions identified by the PCA for each individual city, as well as a joint analysis of all three cities; (2) the old-age dimensions derived by the PCA are differentiated by marital status, advanced age and gender and (3) aged spaces defined on the basis of different old-age factors vary in size and are located in different areas of the city. Aged spaces characterized by a pre-elderly or young elderly population for example, are spatially extensive and are located in the inner suburbs of Kitchener-Waterloo; whereas aged spaces characterized by an old elderly population consist of single enumeration areas and are scattered throughout each city. An analysis of aged residential segregation in each city and the joint analysis of all three cities shows that the old elderly are less evenly distributed and more concentrated than the young or middle-aged elderly populations.

Convocation Year


Convocation Season