Master of Environmental Studies (MES)
Geography & Environmental Studies
Faculty of Arts
D. Scott Slocombe
The intent of this study is to examine the present institutional arrangements of the Newfoundland and Labrador Northern shrimp ﬁshery, to identify the roles of cooperative ﬁsheries economic development corporations and make recommendations for institutional improvements. There are a number of institutional and organizational arrangements more favorable for ﬁsheries management and development than present ones (Bishop, 1981; Bromley, 1982; McCay and Acheson, 1987; Pinkerton, 1989). Jentoft and McCay (1995) identiﬁed the need for this type of research in ﬁsheries management in order to understand the complexity of relationships in ﬁsheries management and to develop more effective means of ﬁsheries management in general. The research was divided into two phases. The ﬁrst phase constituted a review of the literature focusing on cooperative ﬁsheries management and the relative importance of institutional research and institutional considerations in ﬁsheries management. The ﬁrst part of the thesis presented a vision of how commercial ﬁsheries should be managed and regulated to promote cooperative ﬁsheries economic development arrangements. The strengths and weaknesses identiﬁed in the literature regarding cooperative ﬁsheries management, institutional arrangements, systems theory, ecosystem-based management, coastal zone management, and economic development were adapted to develop a normative model and evaluative institutional framework for cooperative ﬁsheries management arrangements. Evaluative criteria were based on elements of process (interactive organizations, local control, community support, planned processes) and substantive values (substantive diversity, holism). The second phase of this research involved the selection of the Newfoundland and Labrador Northern shrimp ﬁshery as a case study for the application of the normative framework. The Northern shrimp ﬁshery is a relatively new ﬁshery and is presently undergoing a major transformation in management and institutional structure. At the same time, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador is also undergoing an institutional restructuring in its approach to regional and community economic development. Through application of the normative framework, institutional constraints regarding the Newfoundland and Labrador Northern shrimp ﬁshery were identiﬁed. At the same time, through application of the framework, ﬁeld interviews revealed a number of institutional opportunities for economic development corporations as alternative institutional arrangements in the cooperative management and development of the Northern shrimp ﬁshery. The research concluded that institutional arrangements are an important prerequisite for facilitating effective cooperative ﬁsheries management and development arrangements. The minimum critical criteria for institutional arrangements for cooperative ﬁsheries management include interactive organizations, local control of regulation, management and decision-making responsibilities, community support and a planned process. Institutional arrangements in ﬁsheries management are the entity from which resource management decisions are made and action is taken. Effective institutional arrangements facilitate a cooperative management arena, decentralize and delegate responsibility to the resource users and lowest capable organizations, allow a more ﬂexible management process, and provide a framework in which problems can be evaluated and addressed in a timely and equitable manner. It is concluded in this thesis that rather than undergo a complete institutional restructuring of the present Northern shrimp ﬁshery to achieve these critical conditions, processes and mechanisms provided by cooperative ﬁsheries economic development corporations could offer an alternative management arrangement for cooperative ﬁsheries management and development. Cooperative ﬁsheries economic development corporations display characteristics of interactive organizations, local control, community support and strategic planning processes, essential for effective cooperative ﬁsheries management and development.
Noble, Bram F., "Institutional arrangements for cooperative fisheries management: A case study of the Newfoundland and Labrador northern shrimp fishery" (1999). Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive). 412.