Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Program Name/Specialization

Community Psychology


Faculty of Science

First Advisor

Dr. Robb Travers

Advisor Role



Healthcare plays a crucial role in the health and quality of life of transgender (herein trans) people. The experiences people have when accessing healthcare, can have significant effects on future interactions with the healthcare system as well as individual health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to gather insights into trans peoples’ positive healthcare experiences and health outcomes through the lens of empowerment. Fifteen interviews with trans men and trans women were drawn from a larger study of trans peoples’ experiences of discrimination. Thematic analysis was undertaken to identify key themes in the data. Experiences of empowerment were facilitated by participants themselves (i.e., self-advocacy and self-education) and their environments (e.g., peers, healthcare providers, and the healthcare system). Importantly, individuals had a vital role in shaping their healthcare experiences. Consistent with empowerment theory, participants developed knowledge and skills which they used to gain more autonomy over their healthcare. Findings suggest that empowerment is one explanation for positive experiences, as it improves trans individuals’ health and their abilities to navigate the healthcare system.

Convocation Year


Convocation Season


Available for download on Saturday, September 23, 2023