Master of Kinesiology (MKin)
Kinesiology and Physical Education
Faculty of Science
Dr. Mark Eys
Socialization is a process in which newcomers learn the behaviours and attitudes to become productive working members of a team (Van Maanen, 1978). Organizations (e.g., sports teams) can engage in socialization tactics to help newcomers onboard efficiently within the new group (Van Maanen & Schein, 1979). Furthermore, these socialization tactics influence the way athletes perceive cohesion as well as execute their roles (Leo et al., 2020). However, individuals’ proactivity behaviours can impact the effects of socialization tactics on outcomes because they play an active role in the process of socialization by influencing their interpersonal relationships and social interactions (Reichers, 1987). The purpose of this study was to explore how athlete proactive behaviours influence the relationship between socialization tactics and both role clarity and group cohesion. Interdependent team and individual sport athletes (N = 113, Mage= 21.42, SD = 4.72) from various sports completed a questionnaire package that allowed them to reflect on socialization, role clarity, and cohesion within their team, as well as their own proactive behaviours. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to analyze the potential moderating effects of proactive behaviours on relationships between socialization tactics and outcomes. Results indicated that there were no moderating effects of proactive behaviours on relationships between socialization tactics and outcomes. However, socialization tactics and proactive behaviours appear to independently relate to role clarity and group cohesion. Therefore, socialization tactics and proactive behaviours are important aspects to consider when attempting to strive for high perceptions role clarity and group cohesion in a sport context. Future research is encouraged to further explore this relationship with a larger sample size and at various time points in the sport season to allow for the exploration of a wider range of potential effects (e.g., moderating pathways).
Revell, Charlotte, "The intersection of proactivity behaviours and socialization tactics on athletes’ perceptions of group cohesion and role clarity" (2022). Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive). 2488.
Available for download on Saturday, August 30, 2025