Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




Faculty of Arts

First Advisor

Dr. Andrew Welsh

Advisor Role



The power of media outlets such as newspaper and televised news coverage could shape public perception and influence our policies on issues addressed in the news. More specifically, the media representations of Indigenous people in Canada often include racism, stereotypical assumptions, power struggles, and inaccurate accounts of the event being captured (Johnson, 2011). As a result, the western dominant perspective of Indigenous people would not be challenged resulting in the public perceiving Indigenous people as a group to be overlooked upon. To date, existing research on the media representations of Indigenous murder victims in Canada has focused solely on missing and murdered Indigenous women and there is limited knowledge on Indigenous murdered men (Innes, 2015). My thesis addressed the gap in research through a critical race theory-informed case study analysis of media representations of Colten Boushie. Using newspapers and televised news coverage specifically examining the first two weeks of media coverage, this thesis uncovers two competing narratives: 1) news coverage constructed Colten Boushie as an ‘ideal victim’ and 2) news media supported shooter, Gerald Stanley. Additionally, my analysis found that some media coverage used a thematic framing approach to address racism in the province and nationally. These analyses led to several key findings in my research: the first was the sympathetic portrayal of Colten Boushie as an ‘ideal victim’ as it challenges the common media representation of Indigenous people and victims. Secondly, the difference in the amount of newspaper and televised news coverage Colten Boushie received as certain televised news segments varied in their detail of reporting compared to newspapers sampled. Thirdly, selective media outlets ‘dehumanized’ Boushie through iii narratives defending Stanley’s actions as self-defence. Lastly, the media addressed the ongoing experiences of racism faced by Indigenous people in the province. In this current study my research challenged the common stereotypes portrayed in the media regarding Indigenous people in Canada by analysing underlying assumptions. Most importantly, my study extended research in understanding how Colten Boushie was framed in news media.

Convocation Year