GOING BEYOND THE BEST INSUFFICIENT OPTION: AN EXPLORATION OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP INITIATIVES WITHIN TWO NON-PROFIT SOCIAL WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS IN ONTARIO
Master of Social Work (MSW)
Lyle S. Hallman Faculty of Social Work
Dr. Ginette Lafrenière
Thesis Committee Chair
Professor Eliana Suarez
Thesis Committee Member
Facing a backdrop of decreased government funds and an increasing need for services, social service non-profit organizations are struggling to survive and provide services to their communities. One proposed solution to this financial struggle is to generate revenue through social entrepreneurship and social enterprise. Two non-profit organizations in Ontario have engaged in social enterprise and they form the basis for this case study. Adopting a hybrid social enterprise model, Organization X and Housing Corporation A receive revenue from three main sources: government funding, private donations, and profits created through social enterprise activities.
These organizations have managed to broaden their service offering through their social enterprise initiatives and thus provide resources and services for their clients which might not otherwise have been available. Social enterprise has provided these organizations with financial stability, ensuring sustainability for their organizational operations. In this study, the impact of social enterprise on the sustainability of the hybrid social enterprise model is explored through the perceptions and experiences of the leaders in these organizations. The relationship between government and non-profit organizations engaged in social enterprise is also explored, with a particular emphasis on the support and challenges provided by the state. Furthermore, the interplay and tensions between the three sources is explored and analysed.
This study contributes to satisfying the need for research into social enterprise case studies within a Canadian context, attempting to address the research gap as outlined by Cave (2016). During my research, I explore philosophical tensions and moral dilemmas pertaining to the social services sector, the use of social enterprise and the effectiveness of the hybrid social enterprise organizational model.
Shuttleworth, Amy Joyce, "GOING BEYOND THE BEST INSUFFICIENT OPTION: AN EXPLORATION OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP INITIATIVES WITHIN TWO NON-PROFIT SOCIAL WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS IN ONTARIO" (2017). Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive). 1973.