Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Religion & Culture / Religious Studies


Faculty of Arts

First Advisor

Not applicable

Advisor Role

Not applicable


The following thesis is a visual reconstruction of the 2nd century A.D. architectural concept of the Ilot de l’Amiraute as part of the Roman harbours at Carthage.

We recognise two principles by which the physical aspects of a village, town or city developed in antiquity. In the first, natural and topographical features are utilized and its development proceeds along or on top of such features. It is essentially Archaic. In the second, the concept of a planned town, city or harbour, with man made features, developed by man’s rationale, is followed. It is essentially Hellenistic. This second principle is applied in some of the large independent harbour installations of the Roman Empire to which the re-building of the Roman harbours of Carthage belong.

Both concepts were present and made up the life of the ancient city of Carthage. It is for this reason that the historical review has been embodied in the study, mainly in chapters I and II. Chapter II also describes the evidence arrived at by archaeological field research on which the attempt of Roman reconstruction is based.

The architectural reconstruction of the 2nd century A.D. buildings is graphically shown in figures 5 to 8. They are based on field measurement of excavated material and field data published to date and applied calculations using principles and rules for the erection of public buildings as recommended by Vitruvius. They are summarized as excerpts and included as Appendices B, C and D, while a glossary of architectural terms used in the study has been incorporated under Appendix ‘E.’

Convocation Year