Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Geography & Environmental Studies


Faculty of Arts

First Advisor

George B. Priddle

Advisor Role

Thesis Supervisor


This study develops a locational model for open space within the urban community based on the open space standards set down by the Community Programs Division of the Department of Education for the Province of Ontario and utilized by many of the municipalities throughout Ontario. A theoretical deductive locational model was developed and applied to the cities of Kitchener-Waterloo to determine the locational and acreage adequacy of parks within a given set of standards. As part of this application, variables not considered in the model were introduced. The modified model provides a device for assessing the locational and acreage aspects of a municipal park system.

An evaluation of the legislation affecting the acquisition of open space within the urban communities of Ontario was made, in an effort to explain a municipality’s ability to acquire sufficient open space to meet the given standards. It was found that the legal tools available within the legislation of Ontario are generally inadequate, as they now stand, in terms of acquiring sufficient open space to meet the existing standards. Based on these findings, possible changes to the legislation were suggested. These changes take the form of either expanding existing legal tools or incorporating new ones. Most of the changes suggested are based on the legal tools for acquiring open space that have been utilized with considerable success in the United States.

Convocation Year