Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Archaeology and Heritage Studies


Faculty of Arts

First Advisor

Gerald Schaus

Advisor Role

Thesis Supervisor


The Roman province of Baetica in southern Spain produced vast amounts of olive oil during the first three centuries CE. The small town of Axati is situated in an area now known as Lora del Rio along the Baetis River, the modern Guadalquivir. This town exported large amounts of olive oil which was distributed throughout the Roman Empire from northern Britain to Alexandria. This study will look at the stamped olive oil amphorae, Dressel 20 type, which were produced there and transported throughout the Empire. The distribution and consumption levels evidenced by these stamped amphorae are quantified here in order to compare the amounts consumed by military and civilian populations. Through this comparison it is demonstrated that the primary consumers were the city of Rome and the civilian settlements withm the frontier provinces.

Convocation Year