Lazaridis School of Business and Economics
We analyze a continuous review lost sales inventory system with two types of orders—regular and emergency. The regular order has a stochastic lead time and is placed with the cheapest acceptable supplier. The emergency order has a deterministic lead time is placed with a local supplier who has a higher price. The emergency order is not always filled since the supplier may not have the ability to provide the order on an emergency basis at all times. This emergency order has a higher cost per item and has a known probability of being filled. The total costs for this system are compared to a system without emergency placement of orders. This paper provides managers with a tool to assess when dual sourcing is cost optimal by comparing the single sourcing and dual sourcing models.
Haughton, M. and Isotupa, K.P.S. (2018) A Continuous Review Inventory System with Lost Sales and Emergency Orders. American Journal of Operations Research, 8, 343-359. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajor.2018.85020