One of the critical challenges facing Africa is how to harness the potential of internal and international migration in the interests of development. The Southern African Migration Programme (SAMP) is an international network of organizations founded in 1996 to promote awareness of migration-development linkages in the Southern African Development Community. SAMP conducts applied research on migration and development issues, provides policy advice and expertise, offers training in migration policy and management, and conducts public education campaigns on migration-related issues.

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Crossings Newsletter

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Vol. 1, No. 1: Benevolent But Troubled Amnesty, Vincent Williams and Jonathan Crush

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Vol. 2, No. 1: Anti-foreigners, But Not Obsessed, Vincent Williams and Jonathan Crush

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Vol. 2, No. 2: The Revolving Door, Vincent Williams and Jonathan Crush

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Vol. 2, No. 3: Xenophobia: Hostility 'Growing Alarmingly', Vincent Williams and Jonathan Crush

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Vol. 3, No. 1: Women Migrants Play Positive Role, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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Vol. 3, No. 2: Spot the Alien, Vincent Williams and Jonathan Crush

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Vol 6, No. 1: Brain Drain, ‘Major Crisis’ for Southern Africa, Vincent Williams and Jonathan Crush

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Vol. 6, No. 2: Harmonisation of Migration Policies in SADC States, Vincent Williams and Jonathan Crush

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Vol. 7, No. 1: Deadly Links Between Mobility and HIV/AIDS, Belinda Dodson and Jonathan Crush

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Vol. 8, No. 1: South African Immigration Reform, Vincent Williams

Migration and Development (MAD) Series

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No. 1: Migration and Development in Africa: An Overview, Richard Black, Jonathan Crush, Sally Pederby, Savina Ammassari, Lyndsay McLean Hilker, Shannon Mouillesseaux, Claire Pooley, and Radha Rajkotia

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No. 2: The Brain Drain of Health Professionals from Sub-Saharan Africa to Canada, Ronald Labonte, Corinne Packer, Nathan Klassen, Arminee Kazanjian, Lars Apland, Justina Adalikwu, Jonathan Crush, Tom McIntosh, Ted Schrecker, Joelle Walker, and David Zakus

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No. 3: Linking Migration, HIV/AIDS and Urban Food Security in Southern and Eastern Africa, Jonathan Crush, Miriam Grant, and Bruce Frayne

Migration Dialogue for Southern Africa (MIDSA) Series

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No. 1: Towards the Harmonization of Immigration and Refugee Law in SADC, Jonathan Klaaren and Bonaventure Rutinwa

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No. 2: The Prospects for Migration Data Harmonization in the SADC, Vincent Williams and Tiffany Tsang

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No. 3: A Migration Audit of Poverty Reduction Strategies in Southern Africa, Benjamin Roberts

Migration Policy Briefs

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No. 01: The South African White Paper on International Migration: An Analysis and Critique, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 02: The New South African Immigration Bill: A Legal Analysis, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 03: Making Up the Numbers: Measuring “Illegal Immigration” to South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 04: Gender Concerns in South African Migration Policy, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 05: Counting Brains: Measuring Emigration From South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 06: The Point of No Return: Evaluating the Amnesty for Mozambican Refugees in South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 07: Evaluating Refugee Protection in South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 08: Thinking About the Brain Drain in Southern Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 09: Transnationalism and African Immigration to South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 10: Criminal Tendencies: Immigrants and Illegality in South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 11: Regionalizing International Migration: Lessons for SADC, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 12: NEPAD, the City and the Migrant: Implications for Urban Governance, Caroline Kihato

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No. 13: The Rise of African Tourism to South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 14: Policing Migration: Immigration Enforcement and Human Rights in South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 15: Migration, Urbanisation and Sustainable Livelihoods in South Africa, Loren Landau

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No. 16: South African Immigration Law: A Gender Analysis, Belinda Dodson and Jonathan Crush

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No. 17: International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region, Jonathan Crush, Sally Peberdy, and Vincent Williams

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No. 18: The Draft Protocol on the Facilitation of Movement of Persons in SADC: Implications for State Parties, Vincent Williams and Lizzie Carr

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No. 19: Irregular Migration to South Africa During the First Ten Years of Democracy, Lyndith Waller

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No. 20: Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges, Lyndith Waller

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No. 21: The UN Convention on the Rights of Migrant Workers: The Ratification Non-Debate, Vincent Williams, Jonathan Crush, and Peggy Nicholson

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No. 22: South African Government and Civil Society Responses to Zimbabwean Migration, Tara Poizer

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No. 23: Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa, Jonathan Crush and Vincent Williams

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No. 24: South Africa's Two Diasporas: Engagement and Disengagement, Jonathan Crush

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No. 25: Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa, Jonathan Crush

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No. 26: Social Media, The Internet and Diasporas for Development, Jonathan Crush, Cassandra Eberhardt, Mary Caesar, Abel Chikanda, Wade Pendleton, and Ashley Hill

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No. 27: Migration and Development in Contemporary Mauritius, David Lincoln

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No. 29: Zimbabwe’s Return Migrants – Before & After Challenges, David Mandiyanike

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No. 30: Zimbabwe’s Exodus to Australia, David Lucas and Barbara Edgar

Migration Policy Series

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No. 01: Covert Operations: Clandestine Migration, Temporary Work and Immigration Policy in South Africa, Jonathan Crush

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No. 03: International Migration, Immigrant Entrepreneurs and South Africa’s Small Enterprise Economy, Christian M. Rogerson

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No. 04: Silenced by Nation-Building: African Immigrants and Language Policy in the New South Africa, Maxine Reitzes and Nigel Crawhall

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No. 06: Trading Places: Cross-Border Traders and the South African Informal Sector, Sally Pederby and Jonathan Crush

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No. 17: Writing Xenophobia: Immigration and the Press in Post-Apartheid South Africa, Ransford Danso and David A. McDonald

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No. 18: Losing Our Minds: Skills Migration and the South African Brain Drain, Jonathan Crush

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No. 19: Botswana: Migration Perspectives and Prospects, Johan Oucho, Eugene Campbell, and Elizabeth Mukamaambo

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No. 20: The Brain Gain: Skilled Migrants and Immigration Policy in Post-Apartheid South Africa, Robert Mattes, Jonathan Crush, and W. Richmond

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No. 21: Cross-Border Raiding and Community Conflict in the Lesotho-South African Border Zone, Gary Kynoch, Theresa Ulicki, Tsepang Cekwane, Booi Mohapi, Mampolokeng Mohapi, Ntsoaki Phakisi, and Palesa Seithleko

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No. 22: Immigration, Xenophobia and Human Rights in South Africa, Jonathan Crush

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No. 23: Gender and the Brain Drain from South Africa, Belinda Dodson

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No. 24: Spaces of Vulnerability: Migration and HIV/AIDS in South Africa, Brian Williams, Eleanor Gouws, Mark Lurie, and Jonathan Crush

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No. 25: Zimbabweans Who Move: Perspectives on International Migration in Zimbabwe, Daniel Tevara and Lovemore Zinyama

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No. 28:Changing Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Botswana, Eugene Campbell and Johan Oucho

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No. 29: The New Brain Drain from Zimbabwe, Daniel S. Tevara and Jonathan Crush

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No. 40: Migration and Domestic Workers: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg, Sally Pederby and Natalya Dinat

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No. 41: The Quality of Migration Services Delivery in South Africa, Yul Derek Davids, Kate Lefko-Everett, and Vincent Williams

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No. 42: States of Vulnerability: The Future Brain Drain of Talent to South Africa, Jonathan Crush, Eugene Campbell, Thuso Green, Selma Nangulah, and Hamilton Simelane

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No. 43: Migration and Development in Mozambique: Poverty, Inequality and Survival, Fion de Vletter

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No. 44: Migration, Remittances and Development in Southern Africa, Wade Pendleton, Jonathan Crush, Eugene Campbell, Thuso Green, Hamilton Simelane, Daniel Tevera, and Fion de Vletter

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No. 45: Medical Recruits: the Temptation of South African Health Care Professionals, Christian M. Rogerson

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No. 46: Voices from the Margins: Migrant Women’s Experiences in Southern Africa, Kate Lefko-Everett

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No. 47: The Haemorrhage of Health Professionals From South Africa: Medical Opinions, Wade Pendleton, Jonathan Crush, and Kate Lefko-Everett

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No. 48: The Quality of Immigration and Citizenship Services in Namibia, Ndeyapo Nickanor

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No. 49: Gender, Migration and Remittances in Southern Africa, Belinda Dodson, Hamilton Simelane, Daniel Tevera, Thuso Green, Abel Chikanda, and Fion de Vletter

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No. 50: The Perfect Storm: The Realities of Xenophobia in Contemporary South Africa, Jonathan Crush

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No. 51: Migrant Remittances and Household Survival in Zimbabwe, Daniel Tevara and Abel Chikanda

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No. 52: Migration, Remittances and ‘Development’ in Lesotho, Jonathan Crush, Belinda Dodson, John Gay, Thuso Green, and Clement Leduka

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No. 53: Migration-Induced HIV and AIDS in Rural Mozambique and Swaziland, Jonathan Crush, Inês Raimundo, Hamilton Simelane, Bonaventura Cau, and David Dorey

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No. 54: Medical Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Access to Health Services in South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Godfrey Tawodzera

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No. 55: The Engagement of the Zimbabwean Medical Diaspora, Abel Chikanda

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No. 56: Right to the Classroom: Educational Barriers for Zimbabweans in South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Godfrey Tawodzera

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No. 57: Patients without Borders: Medical Tourism and Medical Migration in Southern Africa, Jonathan Crush

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No. 58: The Disengagement of the South African Medical Diaspora, Jonathan Crush and Abel Chikanda

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No. 59: The Third Wave: Mixed Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa, Jonathan Crush, Abel Chikanda, and Godfrey Tawodzera

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No. 60: Linking Migration, Food Security and Development, Jonathan Crush

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No. 61: Unfriendly Neighbours: Contemporary Migration from Zimbabwe to Botswana, Eugene Campbell and Jonathan Crush

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No. 62: Heading North: The Zimbabwean Diaspora in Canada, Jonathan Crush, Abel Chikanda, and Belinda Maswikwa

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No. 63: Dystopia and Disengagement: Diaspora Attitudes Towards South Africa, Jonathan Crush

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No. 64: Soft Targets: Xenophobia, Public Violence and Changing Attitudes to Migrants in South Africa After May 2008, Jonathan Crush, Sujata Ramachandran, and Wade Pendleton

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No. 65: Brain Drain and Regain: The Migration Behaviour of South African Medical Professionals, Jonathan Crush, Abel Chikanda, Ivy Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté, and Gail Tomblin Murphy

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No. 66: Xenophobic Violence in South Africa: Denialism, Minimalism, Realism, Jonathan Crush and Sujata Ramachandran

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No. 67: Migrant Entrepreneurship, Collective Violence and Xenophobia in South Africa, Jonathan Crush and Sujata Ramachandran

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No. 68: Entrepreneurship and Inclusive Growth in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, Jonathan Crush, Caroline Skinner, and Abel Chikanda

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No. 69: Calibrating Informal Cross-Border Trade in Southern Africa, Sally Peberdy, Jonathan Crush, Daniel Tevara, Eugene Campbell, Inês Raimundo, Maxton Tsoka, Nomsa Zindela, Godfrey Tawodzera, Ndeyapo Nickanor, Chileshe Mulenga, Thuso Green, and Ntombi Msibi

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No. 70: International Migrants and Refugees in Cape Town’s Informal Economy, Godfrey Tawodzera, Abel Chikanda, Jonathan Crush, and Robertson Tengeh

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No. 71: International Migrants in Johannesburg’s Informal Economy, Sally Pederby

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No. 72: Food Remittances: Migration and Food Security in Africa, Jonathan Crush and Mary Caesar

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No. 73: Informal Entrepreneurship and Cross-Border Trade in Maputo, Mozambique, Inês Raimundo and Abel Chikanda

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No. 74: Informal Entrepreneurship and Cross-Border Trade between Zimbabwe and South Africa, Abel Chikanda and Godfrey Tawodzera

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No. 75: Competition or Co-operation? South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg, Sally Pederby

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No. 76: Refugee Entrepreneurial Economies in Urban South Africa, Jonathan Crush, Godfrey Tawodzera, Cameron McCordic, and Sujata Ramachandran

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No. 77: Living with Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Informal Enterprise in South Africa, Jonathan Crush, Godfrey Tawodzera, Abel Chikanda, and Daniel Tevara

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No. 78: Comparing Refugees and South Africans in the Urban Informal Sector, Jonathan Crush, Godfrey Tawodzera, Cameron McCordic, and Sujata Ramachandran

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No. 79: Rendering South Africa Undesirable: A Critique of Refugee and Informal Sector Policy, Jonathan Crush, Caroline Skinner, and Manal Stulgaitis