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Physics & Computer Science


The unidirectional grating-assisted codirectional coupler (U-GACC) has recently been proposed. This unique structure permits irreversible coupling between orthogonal waveguide eigenmodes by means of simultaneous modulation of both the real and imaginary parts of the refractive index in the coupling region. Analysis of the U-GACC has until now relied on coupled mode theory, which can be restrictive in its application as a design tool. We analyze the U-GACC by the transfer matrix method, which demonstrates in a simple fashion why the device operates in a unidirectional manner. In addition, we show that for all practical designs, there is a limit to the minimum cross talk between outputs, a phenomenon that has not been previously identified.


This article was originally published in Applied Optics, 46(33): 8052-8060. © 2007 Optical Society of America