Physics and Computer Science
The temperature dependence of polarization-maintaining fibers is a problem in polarimetric optical-fiber sensors. We report a novel method for making a temperature-insensitive, polarization-maintaining fiber, which may be used for the sensing part in a polarimetric strain sensor. The fiber has a double-clad elliptical core with built-in stresses in the core and cladding regions. To minimize the temperature sensitivity, the built-in stresses are balanced with the refractive-index differences and the core ellipticity properly chosen. The temperature and strain sensitivities of the fiber are calculated. A practical design and some potential applications of such a temperature-insensitive fiber with a high strain sensitivity are presented.
Zhang, Feng and Lit, John W.Y., "Minimization of Temperature Effects of High-Birefringent Elliptical Fibers for Polarmetric Optical-Fiber Sensors" (1994). Physics and Computer Science Faculty Publications. 20.