Child and Family Welfare Review Papers (2001)
Faculty of Social Work
Residential treatment is often regarded as a treatment of ‘last resort’ and, increasingly, residential treatment programs are being asked to address the needs of very troubled children and adolescents. This paper is an effort to summarize what is currently known about the effects of residential treatment for children and adolescents. The review is organized into two sections: studies of the effectiveness of group home residential treatment and studies of the effectiveness of residential treatment delivered in residential treatment centres. In both areas, we attempt to identify trends within treatment, as well as patterns found in the literature that characterize post residential treatment adaptation. We also discuss several additional factors that appear to share a relationship with residential treatment outcomes crossing both short-term and long-term trends. We conclude our review with suggestions for future directions in residential treatment for children and adolescents.
Frensch, K., Cameron, G. & Adams, G. (2001). Treatment of Choice or A Last Resort? A Review of Residential Mental Health Placements For Children and Adolescents (Rep., pp.1-66). Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University, Partnerships for Children and Families Project.