Document Type


Publication Date



Kinesiology and Physical Education


Human Kinetics


Within the motivation literature, it has been indicated that athletes respond more effectively to sport’s contextual challenges through effective adaptation skills. Fiske identified five core motives as facilitators of the adaptation process across cultures: belonging, understanding, controlling, self-enhancement, and trusting. Through a cultural sport psychology approach, the adaptation challenges and strategies of Canadian Aboriginal adolescent athletes from one community (Wikwemikong) are described as they traveled off reserve to compete in mainstream sporting events. Concurrently, Fiske’s core motives are considered in relation to youth sport participants from the aforementioned Aboriginal community. Culture sensitive research methods among the Wikwemikong, including community meetings, talking circles (TCs), indigenous coding, and coauthoring, were employed in this article. Data are reflected in three themes: (a) challenges pursuing sport outside of the Aboriginal community in advance of bicultural encounters, (b) challenging bicultural encounters in Canadian mainstream sport contexts, and (c) specific responses to racism and discrimination.


Schinke, R.J., Blodgett, A.T., Yungblut, H.E., Eys, M.A., Battochio, R. C., Wabano, M.J., Peltier, D., Ritchie, S., Pickard, P., & Recollet-Saikonnen, D. The Adaptation Challenges and Strategies of Adolescent Aboriginal Athletes Competing Off Reserve, Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 34(4), pp. 438–456. Copyright © 2010 the authors. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.

DOI: 10.1177/0193723510379993