Master of Arts (MA)
Faculty of Science
The closure of the east coast cod ﬁshery in 1992 resulted in the largest industry lay-off in the country, stripping 35,000 Newfoundlanders and Labradorians of their source of livelihood--l2,000 of whom were women, employed predominately in the processing sector. While the impacts upon Newfoundland women have been the subject of considerable research (e.g., CMHA, 1994), little to no information has been gathered about Labrador women displaced by the closure of ﬁshery. This is a serious gap in the literature--one which the present study attempts to address. The present study examined how senior women ﬁsh plant workers in the Labrador Métis community of Black Tickle were impacted by the cod moratorium and the subsequent closure of the local ﬁsh plant. Impacts upon the families of these women and the community in general were also investigated. Using a Participatory Action Research (PAR) approach, participants and key stakeholders were involved throughout the research process. Personal, familial and communal impacts were discussed during in-depth qualitative interviews with seven senior women plant workers. Health and community key informants were also interviewed for their expert opinions regarding the health and well-being of these women in general, their families and the community. A key ﬁnding was that the plant workers and their families are holding together well and that the women have developed several effective coping strategies which protect their health and well-being. This contrasts with the ﬁndings of several Newfoundland studies (e.g., CMHA, 1994; Robinson, 1994). However, the plant workers and key informants identiﬁed several negative community impacts, most relating to escalating poverty, which has led to increased drinking. In a focus group meeting with the plant workers, several alternatives for community-based economic development were identiﬁed and deserve further study.
Keefe, Sheila M., "'Skippers of the shore crew': Women and a fish plant closure (Labrador)" (2002). Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive). 727.