The Working-Class as Portrayed in the Rougon-Macquart Series by Emile Zola

Ian Kim Hallaran, Wilfrid Laurier University


The purpose of this thesis is to examine the portrayal of the working-class by Emile Zola in his Rougon-Macquart and to present the working-class as Zola saw it. For this study, all twenty novels of Les Rougon-Macquart were examined, although they have not all been dealt with in detail here because many of them do not focus on the working-class.